What is a Mini-ITX Motherboard?

Motherboards come in a few different sizes. There is Standard ATX, Micro- ATX and finally Mini-ITX. While there are quite a few differences between those, let’s focus on what makes the Mini-ITX motherboard unique.

What is it?

In November 2001, VIA Technologies designed, developed, and introduced the Mini-ITX motherboard. While originally a niche piece of hardware, the rising popularity of home theater personal computers and small form factor systems in the IOT marketplace made this motherboard a popular choice for smaller-sized computers.

The Layout

And small they are.  Mini-ITX motherboards measure out at 17x17cm but still use a conventional I/O shield that larger motherboards use. The on-board layout will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, but most boards have a PCI slot in a standard location, or latterly a PCIe slot. Many of them feature a Mini-PCI or Mini-PCIx slot.

Use Cases

As mentioned before, home theater aficionados enjoy the quiet smaller form factor computers. In a more professional sense, while not as powerful as larger motherboards the Mini-ITX motherboard does have value. They allow for smaller cases, which are easier to transport and fit in smaller spaces. In addition, many new processors come with Mini-ITX support built in.

Is a Mini-ITX motherboard right for your needs?  We here at General Technics can help you find the best answer to that question.